Traumatic Brain Injury
It is estimated that in the United States, someone suffers from a traumatic brain injury every 20 seconds, and many of these brain injuries are the result of automobile accidents. This type of impact caused when vehicles weighing thousands of pounds travelling at speeds exceeding 60-70 miles per hour can cause brain blood vessels to rupture resulting in substantial bleeding of these blood vessels.
Pressure builds up on the cranium when this bleeding occurs, which then leads to the brain failing to operate properly. This can lead to breathing problems and heart rate irregularities, which can then become fatal. Generally, there are two primary types of traumatic brain injuries:
These injuries are caused by a foreign object entering the brain and causing damage to particular area of the brain. Symptoms vary depending on the area of the brain.
Closed Head Injuries
These head injuries are caused by a blow to the head and are most common in automobile accidents. These injuries can cause two types of brain damage:
- Primary Brain Damage – Contusions, nerve damage, lacerations, hematomas, and skull fractures.
- Secondary Brain Damage – Fever, increased pressure, brain edema, Epilepsy, Intracranial infection, hematoma, changes in blood pressure, excessive or low carbon dioxide levels, changes in breathing, heart rate changes, and breathing changes.
After deposing many doctors on traumatic brain injuries, I have been told by medical doctors in these depositions that you may notice certain symptoms in traumatic brain injury cases. These symptoms might include ringing of the ears, nausea, loss of hearing, reduced strength, seizures, headaches, dizziness, vomiting, decreased sense of taste or smell, and blurred vision. Further, traumatic brain injuries can also cause many communication and cognitive problems as well.
Usually, a neuropsychological test is required to diagnose a traumatic brain injury. A neuropsychological assessment is a task oriented test that evaluates human brain behavior. This assessment evaluates both basic sensory motor processes as well as higher cognitive functions.
The treatment plan to address the brain injury is determined after doctors look at the results from the neuropsychological tests.
Traumatic brain injuries can result in medical bills, lots of medical treatment, and loss of work. If you or a loved one is suffering from a traumatic brain injury from an automobile accident, or otherwise from the negligence of someone else, you may be entitled to compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering. Contact an experienced personal injury lawyer today to begin exploring your legal options.